PENIS FESTIVAL in JAPAN / Kanamara Matsuri
Located in the Pacific Oceanit lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south. The kanji that make up Japan's name mean 'sun origin', and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is the world's 4th largest island country and encompasses about 6, islands. Japan is the 2nd most populous island country. The population of approximately million is the world's eleventh largestof which Museum of Sex in Video Giappone The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.
Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly Chinafollowed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europehas characterized Japan's history. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese Warthe Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism.
Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3,during the occupation led by SCAPthe sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Diet.
It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer. Japan benefits from a highly skilled and educated workforce; it has among the world's largest proportion of citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Its population enjoys one of the highest life expectancy and the third lowest infant mortality rate in the world  but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate.
As ofJapanese citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to countries and territories, ranking the Japanese passport 1st in the world, tied with Singapore.
The earliest record of the name Nihon appears in the Chinese historical records of the Tang dynastythe Old Book of Tang. At the end of the seventh century, a delegation from Japan requested that Nihon be used as the name of their country. This name may have its origin in a letter sent in and recorded in the official history of the Sui dynasty.
The message said: "Here, I, the emperor of the country where the sun rises, send a letter to the emperor of the country where the sunsets. How are you[? Japan was recorded by Marco Polo as Museum of Sex in Video Giappone.
Japan first appears in written history in the Chinese Book of Han. The Reform began with land reform, based on Confucian ideas and philosophies from China. It nationalized all land in Japan, to be distributed equally among cultivators, and ordered the compilation of a household registry as the basis for a new system of taxation. Envoys and students were dispatched to China to learn seemingly everything from the Chinese writing system, literature, religion, and architecture, to even dietary habits at this time.
Even today, the impact of the reforms can still be seen in Japanese cultural life. The Nara period is characterized by the appearance of a nascent literature as well as the development of Buddhist-inspired art and architecture. This marked the beginning of the Heian period —during which a distinctly indigenous Japanese culture emerged, noted for its artpoetry and prose.
Murasaki Shikibu 's Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Tale of Genji and the lyrics of Japan's national anthem " Kimigayo " were written during this time. Japan's feudal era Museum of Sex in Video Giappone characterized by the emergence and dominance of a ruling class of warriors, the samurai.
The Imperial Court nobility was a nominal ruling court with little influence. The Zen school of Buddhism was introduced from China in the Kamakura period — and became popular among the samurai class. Emperor Go-Daigo was himself defeated by Ashikaga Takauji in Ashikaga Takauji established the shogunate in Muromachi, Kyoto.
This was the start of the Muromachi period — The Ashikaga shogunate achieved glory at the age of Ashikaga Yoshimitsuand the culture based on Zen Buddhism the art of Miyabi prospered.
This evolved to Higashiyama Cultureand prospered until the 16th century. During the 16th century, Portuguese traders and Jesuit missionaries like the Spaniard Francis Xavier  reached Japan for the first time, initiating direct commercial and cultural exchange between Japan and the West. His consolidation of power began what was known as the Azuchi—Momoyama period — After Nobunaga was assassinated in by Akechi Mitsuhidehis successor Toyotomi Hideyoshi unified the nation in and launched two unsuccessful invasions of Korea in and Tokugawa Ieyasu served as regent for Hideyoshi's son and used his position to gain political and military support.
When open war broke out, Ieyasu defeated rival clans in the Battle of Sekigahara in The Edo period also gave rise to kokugaku "national studies"the study of Japan by the Japanese. Subsequent similar Museum of Sex in Video Giappone with Western countries in the Bakumatsu period brought economic and political crises. Plunging itself through an active process of Westernization during the Meiji Restoration inJapan adopted Western political, judicial and military institutions and Western cultural influences integrated with its traditional culture for modern industrialization.
The Meiji Restoration transformed the Empire of Japan into an industrialized world power that pursued military conflict to expand its sphere of influence. Although France and Britain showed some interest, the European powers largely ignored Japan and instead concentrated on the much greater attractions of China. France was also set back by its failures in Mexico and defeat by the Germans. This process accelerated during the s, spawning a number of new Radical Nationalist groups that shared a hostility to liberal democracy and a dedication to expansion in Asia.
Japanese expansionism and militarization along with totalitarianism and ultranationalism reshaped the country. In Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria and following international condemnation of this occupationit quit the League of Nations in After Allied victories across the Pacific during the next four years, which culminated in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria and Museum of Sex in Video Giappone atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki inJapan agreed to an unconditional surrender on August The Allies led by the United States repatriated millions of ethnic Japanese from colonies and military camps throughout Asia, largely eliminating the Japanese empire and its influence over its conquered territories.
The Allied occupation ended with the Treaty of San Francisco in  and Japan was granted membership in the United Nations in Japan later achieved rapid growth to become the second-largest economy in the world, until surpassed by China in This ended in the mids when Japan suffered a major recession.
In the beginning of the 21st century, positive growth has signaled a gradual economic recovery. Japan has a total of 6, islands extending along the Pacific coast. Together they are often known as the Japanese archipelago. It does not have land borders. About 73 percent of Japan is forested, mountainous and unsuitable for agriculturalindustrial or residential use. Japan is one of Museum of Sex in Video Giappone most densely populated countries in the world. Approximately 0. It began in the 12th century.
Bythe amount of land reclaimed totaled The islands of Japan are located in a volcanic zone on the Pacific Ring Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Fire.
They are primarily the result of large oceanic movements occurring over hundreds of millions of years from the mid-Silurian to the Pleistocene as a result of the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the continental Amurian Plate Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Okinawa Plate to the south, and subduction Museum of Sex in Video Giappone the Pacific Plate under the Okhotsk Plate to the north.
Japan was originally attached to the eastern coast of the Eurasian continent. The subducting plates pulled Japan eastward, opening the Sea of Japan around 15 million years ago.
Japan Museum of Sex in Video Giappone active volcanoes. Destructive earthquakes, often resulting in tsunamioccur several times each century. The climate of Japan is predominantly temperate, but varies greatly from north to south. The northernmost zone, Hokkaido, has a humid continental climate with long, cold winters and very warm to cool summers.
Precipitation is not heavy, but the islands usually develop deep snowbanks in the winter. In Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Sea of Japan zone on Honshu's west coast, northwest winter winds bring heavy snowfall. In the summer, the region is cooler than the Pacific area, though it sometimes experiences extremely hot temperatures because of the Museum of Sex in Video Giappone.
The Central Highland has a typical inland humid continental climate, with large temperature differences between summer and winter seasons, as well as large diurnal variation; precipitation is light, though winters are usually snowy. The Pacific coast features a humid subtropical climate that experiences milder winters with occasional snowfall and hot, humid summers because of the southeast seasonal wind.
Precipitation is very heavy, especially during the rainy season. The average winter temperature in Japan is 5. In most of Honshu, the rainy season begins before the middle of June and lasts about six weeks. In late summer and early autumn, typhoons often bring heavy rain. Japan has nine forest ecoregions which reflect the climate and geography of the islands.
In the period of rapid economic growth after World War IIenvironmental policies were downplayed by the government and industrial corporations; as a result, environmental pollution was widespread in the s and s. Responding to rising concern about the problem, the government introduced several environmental protection laws in As of [update]more than 40 coal-fired power plants are planned or under construction Museum of Sex in Video Giappone Japan, following the switching-off of Japan's nuclear fleet following the Fukushima nuclear disaster.
Prior to this incident, Japan's emissions had been on the decline, largely due to nuclear power plants creating no emissions. Japan ranks 20th in the Environmental Performance Indexwhich measures a nation's commitment to environmental sustainability. Japan is a constitutional monarchy and sovereign state whereby the power of the Emperor is very limited.
As a ceremonial figurehead, he is defined by the constitution to be "the symbol of the State and of the unity of the people". Executive power is wielded chiefly by the Prime Minister and his cabinetwhile sovereignty is vested in the Japanese people. It has not changed since its adoption on 3 May Japan's legislative body is the National Dietseated in Chiyoda, Tokyo. The Diet is a bicameral body, comprising the lower House of Representatives with seats, elected by popular vote every four years or when dissolved; and the upper House of Councillors with seats, whose popularly elected members serve six-year terms.
There is universal suffrage for adults over 18 years of age,  with a Museum of Sex in Video Giappone ballot for all elected offices. The LDP has enjoyed near-continuous electoral success sinceexcept for brief periods between and and from to The Prime Minister of Japan is the head of government and is appointed by the Emperor after being designated by the Diet from among its members.
Historically influenced by Chinese lawthe Japanese legal system developed independently during the Edo period through texts such as Kujikata Osadamegaki.